From the present to the past. lumbar pillow
From the present to the past. Travel. Europe. Spain. Toledo.
Toledo is located in the central part of Spain, being the capital of the eponymous province of Toledo. Toledo is located about 70 km from the capital of Spain, Madrid. The city is located on the river Tahoe and is the centre of the archbishopric. In 1986, the historic city of Toledo was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
The first permanent settlements on the territory of the city were the fortresses erected in the era of the Celtic-Iberians (a group of tribes in central and northern Spain and Portugal in the pre-Roman period). The name of the Celtiberians reflects the fact that in their culture both Celtic and Iberian elements can be traced. Ancient authors described the Celtiberians as a militant people. In the II century BC. e. The Celtiberians were conquered by the Romans. Toledo has a long history.
In 418, he moved to the Visigoths and remained their capital until 711. During this time, Toledo became the centre of the Catholic archbishopric. In the Middle Ages the Toledo archbishops had their own army and took part in the reconquest and other military operations of the Spanish kings.
The Moors conquered the state capital of the Visigoths in 712. The heyday of Toledo under the name of Tolaytol fell during their reign. Alphonse VI Castile conquered the city on May 25, 1085. By this time, Toledo became famous for his swords and other products made of steel.
Toledo became one of the residences of the kings of Castile and remained it until 1561, until Philip II moved his residence to Madrid.
The historical centre of Toledo is an integral ensemble of untouched by time a medieval city with a labyrinth of narrow paved streets and a large number of architectural monuments, including: St. Mary's Cathedral, built in the XIII-XV centuries; the Toledo Alcazar fortress; The Sephardim Museum, located in the Synagogue del Transito (XIV century); the former synagogue of Santa Maria la Blanca (XII century), the oldest synagogue in Europe, which has survived to this day; the ruins of the Roman amphitheatre and the Roman aqueduct; The former mosque del Cristo de la Luz, built in 999-1000. and a number of others.
In Toledo lived El Greco (painter, sculptor and architect of the Spanish Renaissance) from 1577 until his death in 1614. In Toledo, he created his numerous masterpieces, including the "Burial of Count Orgas" in the church of Santo Tomé. Currently, Toledo is a major tourist centre. The city is connected with Madrid by a high-speed railway and highway.