View of lower Manhattan, New York, New York, 1948. Visible structures include the Brooklyn Bridge in the middle-ground, and, from left, the three tallest buildings are the City Bank Farmers Trust Building (Cross and Cross, completed 1931; later known as 20 Exchange Place), the Cities Service Building (Clinton & Russell, Holton & George, completed 1932; later know as the American International Building), and the Bank of the Manhattan Company building (H. Craig Severance, completed 1930; later known as 40 Wall Street and the Trump Building). (Photo by Andreas Feininger/Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images). The location of this image is New York, NY United States. Copyright: Time & Life Pictures
Lower Manhattan is the southernmost part of the island of Manhattan , the main island and centre of business and government of the City of New York . Lower Manhattan or "downtown" is defined most commonly as the area delineated on the north by 14th Street , on the west by the Hudson River , on the east by the East River , and on the south by New York Harbour (also known as Upper New York Bay ). When referring specifically to the lower Manhattan business district and its immediate environs, the northern border is commonly designated by thoroughfares approximately a mile-and-a-half south of 14th Street and a mile north of the island's southern tip: Chambers Street from near the Hudson east to the Brooklyn Bridge entrances and overpass. Two other major arteries are also sometimes identified as the northern border of "lower" or "downtown Manhattan": Canal Street , roughly half a mile north of Chambers Street, and 23rd Street , roughly half a mile north of 14th Street. Anchored by Wall Street , in Lower Manhattan, New York City is, alongside the City of London , the financial capital of the world and is home to the New York Stock Exchange , the world's largest stock exchange by market capitalization of its listed companies.
The lower Manhattan business district forms the core of the area below Chambers Street. It includes the Financial District (often referred to as Wall Street, after its primary artery) and the former site of the World Trade Centre . At the island's southern tip is Battery Park ; City Hall is just to the north of the Financial District. Also south of Chambers Street are the planned community of Battery Park City and the South Street Seaport historic area. The neighbourhood of TriBeCa straddles Chambers on the west side; at the street's east end is the giant Manhattan Municipal Building . North of Chambers Street and the Brooklyn Bridge and south of Canal Street lies most of New York's oldest Chinatown neighbourhood. Many court buildings and other government offices are also located in this area. The Lower East Side neighbourhood straddles Canal. North of Canal and south of 14th Street are the neighbourhoods of SoHo , the Meatpacking District , the West Village , Greenwich Village , Little Italy , Nolita , and the East Village . Between 14th and 23rd streets are lower Chelsea , Union Square , the Flatiron District , Gramercy , and the large residential development Peter Cooper Village—Stuyvesant Town .
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